Some years ago I put up a page about Bhaskar's Critical Realism, but have learned much since then. This page is about Critical Realism in general, examining what it is like and what are its strengths and weaknesses. It has just begun.
But Critical Realism
|CR belief||Dooyeweerd affirms||Dooyeweerd critiques||Dooyeweerd enriches|
|Empirical Reality||Human knowing||CR presupposes theoretical attitude of knowing||Allow pre-theoretical attitude. Diverse ways of knowing. Deeper transcendental critique of theoretical thought.|
|Actual Reality||The entire temporal reality, existing and occurring 'in' time by virtue of response to aspectual law||
Tendency to focus on the reality of earlier aspects (physical to psychic) and reduce others to these, though there is an explicit attempt to acknowledge the social aspect. |
Tendency to treat time as 'railway lines into the future' along which Actual Reality 'runs' (maybe with choice-points).
Many types of actual reality, one basic type per aspect |
Time as generated by response to aspectual law; freedom within aspectual law.
|'The Real' Reality||Aspectual law||
CR conflates aspectual law with structures made possible by that law, e.g. biotic law conflated with biotic structures like DNA. |
Tendency (though claims otherwise) to assume a distal observer.
Notion of aspectual law as that which enables all in diverse ways. |
Observer always subject to same aspectual law as the observed.
Three ways of coming to know aspectual law: intuitive grasp of kernel meaning, informal awareness of distinct meanings, theoretical or scientific attempts at precise knowing.
But I feel that Klein's critique is somewhat transcendent rather than immanent. It presupposes a freedom pole.
Copyright (c) 2004 Andrew Basden. But you may use this material subject to conditions.
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Created: 20 April 2008 Last updated: 13 October 2010 comparison table.